A software platform such as the solution offered by Energisme helps you to monitor your CO2 emissions trajectory and to detect ways to improve energy performance.
What is decarbonation?
Decarbonation or decarbonization consists of a set of measures and solutions to reduce C02 emissions:
- Replacing fossil fuels with non-carbon energies, such as renewable energies, that do not cause greenhouse gas emissions
- Improving energy performance through energy renovation and the implementation of an energy management system
- Development of CO2 capture and storage technologies, which consist of capturing carbon dioxide and then storing or recovering it to avoid its release into the atmosphere
Decarbonization of industry
In France, industrial activities are responsible for nearly 20% of greenhouse gas emissions.
The decarbonization of industry is therefore a central objective of public authorities in the context of the energy transition and the achievement of climate objectives.
Consequently, the industrial sector is the subject of public policies and measures to:
- improve energy efficiency
- change manufacturing processes
The implementation of an energy management solution such as the Energisme platform helps industrial companies to :
What are the objectives of decarbonization?
Reducing the industry’s environmental footprint
The main objective of decarbonizing industry is to reduce C02 emissions. Decarbonizing industry is one of the levers for achieving the climate objectives of the COP and the Paris Agreement.
In France, the National Low Carbon Strategy provides for an 81% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 compared to their 2015 level. Industry is responsible for 18% of emissions. But they are mainly concentrated on certain players:
In the end, 75% of emissions are generated by some fifty industrial sites. In order to meet the challenges of the energy and environmental transition, it is therefore these activities that should be given priority.
Nevertheless, the decarbonization of heavy industries presents specific problems. CO2 emissions are not only linked to electricity consumption. They come largely from the energy used to heat materials to high temperatures (generally generated by the combustion of fossil fuels) and from conversion processes.
In other words, the evolution of the energy mix towards more renewable energies will not be sufficient to decarbonize all sectors.
The Energisme platform allows you to model changes in your processes, your equipment or your energy sources and to simulate the energy savings generated.
Modernizing French industry
Decarbonization is also a challenge for the modernization of French industry. Indeed, given the increasing scarcity of fossil fuels and environmental objectives, decarbonization also appears to be a performance lever.
Since decarbonization is inevitable, countries that start decarbonizing today will gain a competitive edge.
Nevertheless, the energy transition of industry requires massive investment to improve energy efficiency and support research and development on new manufacturing processes.
The solution developed by Energisme facilitates this transition as it allows
- modeling the impact of each energy management decision in terms of energy savings, costs and amortization.
What actions are needed to decarbonize the industry?
- Improve energy efficiency
- Changing the energy mix
- Implement new industrial processes
- Developing CO2 capture
Improve energy efficiency
Energy efficiency is a first lever to reduce CO2 emissions from industrial processes. By accurately identifying energy losses, industrial players can remedy them and limit the use of fossil fuels.
Energy efficiency in industry can be achieved by, for example
- recovery of waste heat
- the use of less energy consuming technologies
To track down these energy saving opportunities, the use of a data collection and analysis solution like the Energisme platform is an asset.
It allows the implementation of an energy management system from a global view on the energy consumption of equipment and processes.
Changing the energy mix
The integration of non-carbon energies into the energy mix is a key issue for decarbonization. These energies could replace the fossil fuels used to produce heat in industry.
To date, many industries still use coal or natural gas boilers, which contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. But in some sectors, the use of hydrogen, biomass or renewable energies is developing.
Finally, electrification is also an opportunity for heat production in industrial processes. An electrical resistance capable of reaching 1800°C would meet the needs of most sectors, including steel and cement production.
Of course, to meet environmental goals, decarbonization of electricity consumption would require that electricity be generated from non-carbon sources.
Implement new industrial processes
The integration of new energy sources, whether hydrogen or electrification, also requires a renewal of industrial processes.
Reducing process emissions from the conversion of raw materials into semi-finished or finished products is also a lever.
- For example, electrolysis allows iron ore to be converted into iron and oxygen with electricity, which would avoid the CO2 emissions of coking coal.
Other processes such as electrosynthesis or chemical recycling can also reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Developing CO2 capture
Carbon capture, storage and recovery is another pathway to decarbonization.
This option would allow companies to:
- continue using carbon-based energy sources
- while reducing eliminating CO2 emissions
Which solution to follow its carbon trajectory?
The decarbonization of an industrial company depends on a good knowledge of its energy consumption. To optimize energy efficiency, it is necessary to be able to identify precisely the energy losses in industrial processes and the sources of CO2 emissions.
The solution dedicated to smart industry developed by Energisme offers you a better control of the data to improve your energy performance:
Thanks to the installation of IOT sensors and smart metering, you gain precision on the measurements related to your equipment and processes
All data can be cross-referenced with each other, but also with data from suppliers and network managers. The data becomes interoperable and its in-depth analysis reveals ways to improve your energy efficiency
You can view a dashboard of your industrial park’s carbon trajectory and compare your actual evolution with your greenhouse gas emission reduction objectives. You can then “zoom in” on sites to assess their specific performance and detect areas for optimization
Tracking progress over time and achieving objectives: the solution allows you to monitor your action plan and automatically calculate the savings achieved
Immediate reaction in case of drift thanks to smart alerts that detect a change in consumption profile and inform the operator
Remote control of the autonomous processes to react in case of alert